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How to treat your fire wood

> Cut the Wood to the Right Length
The wood you purchased or cut yourself should fit easily into your Wood Fire. A good rule of thumb is to make sure it is about three inches shorter than the firebox width or length.

> Split Your Wood Before Stacking It
After you determine the proper length, split the wood so it is the right width. This is usually no more than six inches in diameter. Splitting the wood in advance of stacking it increases exposure to air, which improves the drying process.

> Check the Moisture Content
After splitting the firewood use a moisture meter to check the starting moisture content. The goal is 20 percent moisture content.

> Stack Your Wood in Alternate Directions
This spacing allows for better circulation and further reduces moisture content.

> Store Your Firewood Off the Ground
Build a wood shed or a structure to keep firewood six inches or more off the ground. This will help protect the bottom of the wood pile from moisture.

> Cover the Top, But Leave the Sides Exposed
The best option is to build a structure that has a roof. You can use a tarp to cover the top of the woodpile. When using a tarp be careful not to have the tarp hang over the sides so moisture is trapped. In warm summer months, you might want to remove the tarp to speed up the drying process.

> Store the Wood for at Least 12 Months
It’s hard to wait, but the best way to know you are burning dry wood is to not burn it for at least 12 months.

> All Wood Needs Seasoning
No matter where you get your wood – on your property, on public lands, or from an independent firewood seller or retailer – it needs to be seasoned. Don’t trust that it has already been dried. Test it.

> Wet Wood is Water 
Wet firewood boils when it burns. With wet wood it can be harder to get a fire going and more difficult to keep it burning. Wet firewood also produces a less than cozy fire with little heat. Knowing these things, it just makes sense to burn dry firewood.

> Dry Firewood is the Right Fuel
When you mix the right fuel with the right actions, the potential for a hotter fire increases. This applies whether you are using a Wood Stove or a Wood Fire.

> Wood Stove or Insert Wood Fire Tips

  • Remove extra ashes before you start the fire, but leave an inch of ash.
  • Start with a small fire with dry kindling or fire starters and a few pieces of firewood.
  • Start fire with the damper or air control completely open.
  • Burn the fire for a while to get the chimney or flue hot before adding more firewood.
  • Adjust the damper or air flow control as the fire burns.
  • Keep space between the firewood as you add more wood to the fire.
  • Do not let the fire smolder.
  • Keep the doors closed unless you are adding more wood. 

Wood Fire Tips

  • Remove extra ashes before you start the fire, but leave an inch of ash.
  • Start with a small fire with dry kindling and a few pieces of firewood.
  • Make sure the damper is completely open.
  • Keep space between the logs as you add more wood to the fire.
  • Do not let the pieces of firewood smolder.

> Open Wood Fires are not heaters
If you are using an open fireplace to try and generate heat, you are more likely to be wasting your time and money. That’s because an open fireplace draws heat from your home up through the chimney. A fire from an open fireplace feels cozy because it warms the area right in front of the fireplace. However, a fireplace — without a fireplace insert installed — is better for ambiance or comfort in a home versus heat. To save your firewood and resources for your Wood Fire, use a manufactured fire log in your fireplace. If you do use firewood, make sure it is well seasoned.

> Burn Untreated Wood and No Rubbish
It is illegal to burn anything except untreated wood and manufactured fire logs. It is important that you do not burn household rubbish, plastics, chemically treated paper or garbage.

> Burn Safely
Always remove and dispose of ashes carefully. Other good safety tips include having your Wood Fire serviced, or at a minimum, replace your Wood Fire door gasket and have your chimney cleaned annually. It is also wise to use fireplace accessories when building a fire. 

For more useful information on how to operate your Wood Fire more efficiently click here

For more useful tips on burning dry firewood click here

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